Asia Pacific REITs: long-term fundamentals should not be overshadowed by short-term flux

The global spread of COVID-19, coupled with a notable deceleration in economic activity, are posing challenges for Asia-Pacific Real Estate Investment Trusts (AP REITs). We believe active, bottom-up fundamental research is more important than ever, especially when constantly changing government policies are leading to short-term price dislocations. Furthermore, the defensive properties of the asset class could make it more resilient in an economic downturn.

Before discussing the current challenging market environment, it is important to remember why people invest in REITs in the first place. REITs are a hybrid security. That is, even though REITs are traded like equities, with the possibility of price depreciation (loss), they also offer investors a regular income payout. As illustrated in chart 1, the income feature of REITs gives them their defensive properties, providing a buffer when markets move lower and enhancing your total return when markets appreciate.

Small-cap performance during major drawdowns, and after. The table compares returns for large and small caps during crisis periods over the last 40 years in which both representative indexes (R2000 and S&P 500) declined by more than 30%. Off the eventual bottom in all cases, the forward one-year price change for small-cap stocks was greater than that of large-cap stocks.

Drilling into the fundamentals

From an economic perspective, the initial outbreak of COVID-19 led to a notable slowdown in Asian economic activity, centred on China. As time has progressed, the global spread of the virus has raised the spectre of a more prolonged economic downturn, including the possibility of a recession. 

In addition to the assorted directives that aim to offset the burden on businesses, governments in the region have introduced various fiscal and monetary policy measures. These policies are constantly being updated given the efforts being made to contain the spread of the virus. This backdrop has created short-term uncertainty and resulted in share-price pressure for REIT managers. 

During these times, we believe that fundamentals matter more than ever. Our focus remains on capital strength, the pedigree of the sponsor, and drilling down to the details of lease terms and structure.

We also think that AP REITs are better positioned to face the current economic downturn than they were after the global financial crisis (GFC). Stronger balance sheets mean that the risk of REITs breaching debt covenants is lower, which suggests that the need for dilutive equity fund raising will be minimised.

We believe that AP REITs are more robust in three main areas:

  • A decade of low interest rate has reduced the cost of debt in major regional REITs.
  • AP REITs have generally locked in financing costs for a longer time period, which has reduced the risks associated with short-term refinancing – an issue that that plagued REITs during the GFC.
  • Lower overall leverage ratios and diversified funding sources has also decreased the risk of covenant breaches.

Lower interest rates as key tailwind

Although this economic environment will inevitably pose challenges to AP REITs, particularly in the hotel and retail sectors, as well as REITs with a high exposure to small-and-medium enterprises (SME), we believe the asset class is still better positioned than it was during the GFC.

Historically, AP REITs have outperformed equities during periods of low interest rates (see Chart 2), which we have re-entered after the simultaneous demand-and-supply shocks imposed by the global spread of COVID-19.

Graphique illustrant l’évaluation de l’indice Russell 2000, à l’exclusion des sociétés biopharmaceutiques, par rapport à l’indice S&P 500, déterminée en divisant la valeur de l’entreprise (VE) par le bénéfice avant intérêts, impôts et amortissements de mars 1985 au 31 mars 2020. Le graphique montre que la valorisation des sociétés de l’indice Russell 2000, à l’exclusion des sociétés biopharmaceutiques, par rapport aux sociétés de l’indice S&P 500 a dépassé un écart-type.

One of the main factors underpinning this outperformance is expanding yield spreads.  A yield spread is the difference between the yield on, for example, a risk-free instrument (such as US Treasuries) and the yield offered by other issues. As risk-free rates move lower – they have been aggressively cut over the past month – investors are being compensated more for assuming risk.

Chart 3 shows yield spreads in the key AP REIT markets – Australia, Hong Kong, and Singapore – from the beginning of 2020 through early March: yield spreads have widened in all three, as the risk-free rate has fallen.

We believe that lower interest rates and the global search for yield among investors will continue to support the asset class.

Resilient spots emerge in AP REITs

Although REITs do have qualities that are defensive in nature, we believe that no segment in the REIT space should be considered “recession-proof”.  

Given the current economic environment and recent government directives, there will be temporary disruption, particularly in the consumption and tourism-related industries. This has resulted in downward revisions to DPU estimates for 2020.  However, we do believe that these revisions have been fully priced into share prices, as yield spreads are trading well above their 10-year averages4.

Investors may find opportunities in the following segments:



Short-term dislocation is expected to impact Singapore’s retail sector due to government measures.  While this may result in some near-term downside, the long-term fundamentals of the segment remain resilient for the following reasons:

  1. Retail space per capita in Singapore is lower than several developed markets, which highlights that the market is not yet oversupplied5.
  2. The government tightly regulates land supply and use. The lower increase in retail space safeguards against oversupply in the market. 
  3. Given population density and the convenience of shopping malls, a physical retail presence is expected to remain highly relevant in Singapore. 

Hong Kong


Hong Kong’s retail sector has battled numerous challenges over the past year, leading to a precipitous fall in retail sales.  We believe that the market has priced in a significant amount of negative news flow, and that shopping malls providing necessary goods for consumers should remain resilient in the current challenging economic environment. 



We are constructive on Grade A office space in the Sydney CBD area, as demand is not expected to significantly deteriorate while new supply is forecast to be limited over the next two years.


Overall, we believe that third-party logistics and ecommerce providers should digest existing local supply. The increased utilisation of online shopping during the COVID-19 outbreak should be catalyst in this segment.


AP REITs are not immune from the economic fallout from the spread of COVID-19. However, the defensive characteristics of the asset class suggest that investors should benefit from their hybrid nature. At the same time, the fundamentals of AP REITs, including relatively robust performance in low interest-rate environments and an improved financial position, augurs a greater resiliency compared to other investments.  


1 Source: Bloomberg, 31 March 2020. Bloomberg, as of 30 November 2019.  Gross total returns in US dollar. Past performance is not indicative of future performance. Australia REIT – S&P/ASX 200 A-REIT Index, Hong Kong REIT – Hang Seng REIT Index, Singapore REIT – FTSE ST Real Estate Investment Trusts index, Asia ex Japan REITs = FTSE EPRA/NAREIT Asia ex Japan REITs Index, Singapore Equities = Straits Times Index STI Total Return Index, Hong Kong Equities= Hang Seng Index, Australia Equities = S&P/ASX 200 index, Asia ex Japan equities= MSCI AC Asia Ex Japan index (total return). 3 Source: Bloomberg, 31 March 2020. 4 Source: Bloomberg, 31 March 2020. Singapore REITs = FSTREI Index, 10 year Singapore government bond. Australia REITs = AS51PROP Index, 10-year Australian government bond. Hong Kong REITs = HSREIT Index, 10-year HK government bond (data as of May 2012). 5 CapitaLand Investor Day 2019, 29 November 2019.


A widespread health crisis such as a global pandemic could cause substantial market volatility, exchange trading suspensions and closures, and affect portfolio performance. For example, the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has resulted in significant disruptions to global business activity. The impact of a health crisis and other epidemics and pandemics that may arise in the future, could affect the global economy in ways that cannot necessarily be foreseen at the present time. A health crisis may exacerbate other pre-existing political, social and economic risks. Any such impact could adversely affect the portfolio’s performance, resulting in losses to your investment.

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Hui Min Ng, CFA

Hui Min Ng, CFA, 

Portfolio Manager

Manulife Investment Management

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