Forgot your password?

Please enter the email address you used when registering.

Invalid login
An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login Your account has been temporarily locked because of too many failed login attempts. Please try again later. The code entered has expired. Please request a new code to continue. The code entered is not valid. Please request a new code to continue. Email address format is not valid. Your account has not been verified. Please check your email for instructions on how to verify your credentials. Your account has been disabled. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login This account has reached its limit for daily password resets. Please try again in 24 hours. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. That password was recently used. Please enter a new one. Password is not strong enough. Password cannot contain any forbidden words. Password is a commonly used password. Password cannot contain common words. Password cannot contain repeating characters. Password cannot contain sequence of characters. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. The account information you provided does not match our records. This account is not authorized to perform the request you've initiated. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while validating your email address. Please try again.

Email sent

Please check your email for password reset instructions.

An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login Your account has been temporarily locked because of too many failed login attempts. Please try again later. The code entered has expired. Please request a new code to continue. The code entered is not valid. Please request a new code to continue. Email address format is not valid. Your account has not been verified. Please check your email for instructions on how to verify your credentials. Your account has been disabled. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login This account has reached its limit for daily password resets. Please try again in 24 hours. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. That password was recently used. Please enter a new one. Password is not strong enough. Password cannot contain any forbidden words. Password is a commonly used password. Password cannot contain common words. Password cannot contain repeating characters. Password cannot contain sequence of characters. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. The account information you provided does not match our records. This account is not authorized to perform the request you've initiated. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later.

An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later.

An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later.

Two-step verification

In order to change your password, we need to verify your identity. We have sent an authorization code to the email address on file.

An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login Your account has been temporarily locked because of too many failed login attempts. Please try again later. The code entered has expired. Please request a new code to continue. The code entered is not valid. Please request a new code to continue. Email address format is not valid. Your account has not been verified. Please check your email for instructions on how to verify your credentials. Your account has been disabled. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login This account has reached its limit for daily password resets. Please try again in 24 hours. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. That password was recently used. Please enter a new one. Password is not strong enough. Password cannot contain any forbidden words. Password is a commonly used password. Password cannot contain common words. Password cannot contain repeating characters. Password cannot contain sequence of characters. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. The account information you provided does not match our records. This account is not authorized to perform the request you've initiated. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later.

Two-step verification

Enter the 6-digit code sent to your email

An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login Your account has been temporarily locked because of too many failed login attempts. Please try again later. The code entered has expired. Please request a new code to continue. The code entered is not valid. Please request a new code to continue. Email address format is not valid. Your account has not been verified. Please check your email for instructions on how to verify your credentials. Your account has been disabled. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login This account has reached its limit for daily password resets. Please try again in 24 hours. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. That password was recently used. Please enter a new one. Password is not strong enough. Password cannot contain any forbidden words. Password is a commonly used password. Password cannot contain common words. Password cannot contain repeating characters. Password cannot contain sequence of characters. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. The account information you provided does not match our records. This account is not authorized to perform the request you've initiated. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later.

Please create a new password

An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login Your account has been temporarily locked because of too many failed login attempts. Please try again later. The code entered has expired. Please request a new code to continue. The code entered is not valid. Please request a new code to continue. Email address format is not valid. Your account has not been verified. Please check your email for instructions on how to verify your credentials. Your account has been disabled. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login This account has reached its limit for daily password resets. Please try again in 24 hours. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. That password was recently used. Please enter a new one. Password is not strong enough. Password cannot contain any forbidden words. Password is a commonly used password. Password cannot contain common words. Password cannot contain repeating characters. Password cannot contain sequence of characters. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. The account information you provided does not match our records. This account is not authorized to perform the request you've initiated. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later.
  • Must be at least 9 characters long
  • Must have at least one capital letter
  • Must have a number
  • Must have a special character
  • Cannot contain any characters that repeat more than twice
  • New passwords fields must match

An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later.

An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later.

Password successfully reset.

Two-step verification

In order to change your phone number, we need to verify your identity. We’ll send an authorization code to your email on file

An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login Your account has been temporarily locked because of too many failed login attempts. Please try again later. The code entered has expired. Please request a new code to continue. The code entered is not valid. Please request a new code to continue. Email address format is not valid. Your account has not been verified. Please check your email for instructions on how to verify your credentials. Your account has been disabled. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login This account has reached its limit for daily password resets. Please try again in 24 hours. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. That password was recently used. Please enter a new one. Password is not strong enough. Password cannot contain any forbidden words. Password is a commonly used password. Password cannot contain common words. Password cannot contain repeating characters. Password cannot contain sequence of characters. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. The account information you provided does not match our records. This account is not authorized to perform the request you've initiated. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later.

Please enter you new phone number

Invalid number
Invalid country code
Number is too short
Number is too long
Invalid number
Invalid number
An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login Your account has been temporarily locked because of too many failed login attempts. Please try again later. The code entered has expired. Please request a new code to continue. The code entered is not valid. Please request a new code to continue. Email address format is not valid. Your account has not been verified. Please check your email for instructions on how to verify your credentials. Your account has been disabled. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login This account has reached its limit for daily password resets. Please try again in 24 hours. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. That password was recently used. Please enter a new one. Password is not strong enough. Password cannot contain any forbidden words. Password is a commonly used password. Password cannot contain common words. Password cannot contain repeating characters. Password cannot contain sequence of characters. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. The account information you provided does not match our records. This account is not authorized to perform the request you've initiated. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while registering your account. Please try again.

Your account phone number has been changed successfully

Invalid login

Enter your password to login.

Invalid login
Invalid login
An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login Your account has been temporarily locked because of too many failed login attempts. Please try again later. The code entered has expired. Please request a new code to continue. The code entered is not valid. Please request a new code to continue. Email address format is not valid. Your account has not been verified. Please check your email for instructions on how to verify your credentials. Your account has been disabled. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login This account has reached its limit for daily password resets. Please try again in 24 hours. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. That password was recently used. Please enter a new one. Password is not strong enough. Password cannot contain any forbidden words. Password is a commonly used password. Password cannot contain common words. Password cannot contain repeating characters. Password cannot contain sequence of characters. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. The account information you provided does not match our records. This account is not authorized to perform the request you've initiated. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later.
Forgot password?

Two-step verification

To verify your identity, we need to send an authorization code to the email address on file.

An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login Your account has been temporarily locked because of too many failed login attempts. Please try again later. The code entered has expired. Please request a new code to continue. The code entered is not valid. Please request a new code to continue. Email address format is not valid. Your account has not been verified. Please check your email for instructions on how to verify your credentials. Your account has been disabled. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login This account has reached its limit for daily password resets. Please try again in 24 hours. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. That password was recently used. Please enter a new one. Password is not strong enough. Password cannot contain any forbidden words. Password is a commonly used password. Password cannot contain common words. Password cannot contain repeating characters. Password cannot contain sequence of characters. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. The account information you provided does not match our records. This account is not authorized to perform the request you've initiated. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later.

Two-step verification

Enter the 6-digit code sent to your email

An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login Your account has been temporarily locked because of too many failed login attempts. Please try again later. The code entered has expired. Please request a new code to continue. The code entered is not valid. Please request a new code to continue. Email address format is not valid. Your account has not been verified. Please check your email for instructions on how to verify your credentials. Your account has been disabled. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login This account has reached its limit for daily password resets. Please try again in 24 hours. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. That password was recently used. Please enter a new one. Password is not strong enough. Password cannot contain any forbidden words. Password is a commonly used password. Password cannot contain common words. Password cannot contain repeating characters. Password cannot contain sequence of characters. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. The account information you provided does not match our records. This account is not authorized to perform the request you've initiated. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later.
Resend the email

Confirmed.
Welcome back.

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An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later.

Please enter a valid phone number.

We need a phone number to keep your account secure. We'll send you a code to validate your phone number right now.

Invalid number
Invalid country code
Number is too short
Number is too long
Invalid number
Invalid number

Forgot your password?

Please enter the email address you used when registering.

Invalid login
An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login Your account has been temporarily locked because of too many failed login attempts. Please try again later. The code entered has expired. Please request a new code to continue. The code entered is not valid. Please request a new code to continue. Email address format is not valid. Your account has not been verified. Please check your email for instructions on how to verify your credentials. Your account has been disabled. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login This account has reached its limit for daily password resets. Please try again in 24 hours. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. That password was recently used. Please enter a new one. Password is not strong enough. Password cannot contain any forbidden words. Password is a commonly used password. Password cannot contain common words. Password cannot contain repeating characters. Password cannot contain sequence of characters. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. The account information you provided does not match our records. This account is not authorized to perform the request you've initiated. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while validating your email address. Please try again.

Email sent

Please check your email for password reset instructions.

An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login Your account has been temporarily locked because of too many failed login attempts. Please try again later. The code entered has expired. Please request a new code to continue. The code entered is not valid. Please request a new code to continue. Email address format is not valid. Your account has not been verified. Please check your email for instructions on how to verify your credentials. Your account has been disabled. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login This account has reached its limit for daily password resets. Please try again in 24 hours. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. That password was recently used. Please enter a new one. Password is not strong enough. Password cannot contain any forbidden words. Password is a commonly used password. Password cannot contain common words. Password cannot contain repeating characters. Password cannot contain sequence of characters. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. The account information you provided does not match our records. This account is not authorized to perform the request you've initiated. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later.

An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later.

An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later.

Two-step verification

In order to change your password, we need to verify your identity. We have sent an authorization code to the email address on file.

An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login Your account has been temporarily locked because of too many failed login attempts. Please try again later. The code entered has expired. Please request a new code to continue. The code entered is not valid. Please request a new code to continue. Email address format is not valid. Your account has not been verified. Please check your email for instructions on how to verify your credentials. Your account has been disabled. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login This account has reached its limit for daily password resets. Please try again in 24 hours. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. That password was recently used. Please enter a new one. Password is not strong enough. Password cannot contain any forbidden words. Password is a commonly used password. Password cannot contain common words. Password cannot contain repeating characters. Password cannot contain sequence of characters. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. The account information you provided does not match our records. This account is not authorized to perform the request you've initiated. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later.

Two-step verification

Enter the 6-digit code sent to your email

An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login Your account has been temporarily locked because of too many failed login attempts. Please try again later. The code entered has expired. Please request a new code to continue. The code entered is not valid. Please request a new code to continue. Email address format is not valid. Your account has not been verified. Please check your email for instructions on how to verify your credentials. Your account has been disabled. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login This account has reached its limit for daily password resets. Please try again in 24 hours. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. That password was recently used. Please enter a new one. Password is not strong enough. Password cannot contain any forbidden words. Password is a commonly used password. Password cannot contain common words. Password cannot contain repeating characters. Password cannot contain sequence of characters. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. The account information you provided does not match our records. This account is not authorized to perform the request you've initiated. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later.

Please create a new password

An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login Your account has been temporarily locked because of too many failed login attempts. Please try again later. The code entered has expired. Please request a new code to continue. The code entered is not valid. Please request a new code to continue. Email address format is not valid. Your account has not been verified. Please check your email for instructions on how to verify your credentials. Your account has been disabled. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login This account has reached its limit for daily password resets. Please try again in 24 hours. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. That password was recently used. Please enter a new one. Password is not strong enough. Password cannot contain any forbidden words. Password is a commonly used password. Password cannot contain common words. Password cannot contain repeating characters. Password cannot contain sequence of characters. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. The account information you provided does not match our records. This account is not authorized to perform the request you've initiated. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later.
  • Must be at least 9 characters long
  • Must have at least one capital letter
  • Must have a number
  • Must have a special character
  • Cannot contain any characters that repeat more than twice
  • New passwords fields must match

An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later.

An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later.

Password successfully reset.

Two-step verification

In order to change your phone number, we need to verify your identity. We’ll send an authorization code to your email on file

An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login Your account has been temporarily locked because of too many failed login attempts. Please try again later. The code entered has expired. Please request a new code to continue. The code entered is not valid. Please request a new code to continue. Email address format is not valid. Your account has not been verified. Please check your email for instructions on how to verify your credentials. Your account has been disabled. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login This account has reached its limit for daily password resets. Please try again in 24 hours. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. That password was recently used. Please enter a new one. Password is not strong enough. Password cannot contain any forbidden words. Password is a commonly used password. Password cannot contain common words. Password cannot contain repeating characters. Password cannot contain sequence of characters. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. The account information you provided does not match our records. This account is not authorized to perform the request you've initiated. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later.

Please enter you new phone number

Invalid number
Invalid country code
Number is too short
Number is too long
Invalid number
Invalid number
An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login Your account has been temporarily locked because of too many failed login attempts. Please try again later. The code entered has expired. Please request a new code to continue. The code entered is not valid. Please request a new code to continue. Email address format is not valid. Your account has not been verified. Please check your email for instructions on how to verify your credentials. Your account has been disabled. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login This account has reached its limit for daily password resets. Please try again in 24 hours. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. That password was recently used. Please enter a new one. Password is not strong enough. Password cannot contain any forbidden words. Password is a commonly used password. Password cannot contain common words. Password cannot contain repeating characters. Password cannot contain sequence of characters. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. The account information you provided does not match our records. This account is not authorized to perform the request you've initiated. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while registering your account. Please try again.

Your account phone number has been changed successfully

Enter your email address

Invalid login
An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login Your account has been temporarily locked because of too many failed login attempts. Please try again later. The code entered has expired. Please request a new code to continue. The code entered is not valid. Please request a new code to continue. Email address format is not valid. Your account has not been verified. Please check your email for instructions on how to verify your credentials. Your account has been disabled. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login This account has reached its limit for daily password resets. Please try again in 24 hours. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. That password was recently used. Please enter a new one. Password is not strong enough. Password cannot contain any forbidden words. Password is a commonly used password. Password cannot contain common words. Password cannot contain repeating characters. Password cannot contain sequence of characters. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. The account information you provided does not match our records. This account is not authorized to perform the request you've initiated. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while validating your email address. Please try again.
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Role is required
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Invalid country code
Number is too short
Number is too long
Invalid number
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Passwords do not match
An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login Your account has been temporarily locked because of too many failed login attempts. Please try again later. The code entered has expired. Please request a new code to continue. The code entered is not valid. Please request a new code to continue. Email address format is not valid. Your account has not been verified. Please check your email for instructions on how to verify your credentials. Your account has been disabled. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Invalid login This account has reached its limit for daily password resets. Please try again in 24 hours. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. That password was recently used. Please enter a new one. Password is not strong enough. Password cannot contain any forbidden words. Password is a commonly used password. Password cannot contain common words. Password cannot contain repeating characters. Password cannot contain sequence of characters. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. The account information you provided does not match our records. This account is not authorized to perform the request you've initiated. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. Password does not meet password strength requirements. Please try again. An error occurred while processing your request. Please try again later. An error occurred while registering your account. Please try again.

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Dismantling the glass ceiling—progressing board gender diversity in Asia

Changing mindsets is never easy, particularly when they’ve been informed by societal norms, culture, and tradition forged over centuries. That, in a nutshell, summarizes the challenge that Asia faces in regard to progressing board gender diversity. The news, however, isn’t all bad: While there’s a lot to be done, positive changes are taking place.

woman looking into large buildings in a financial district of a major city

What does the board gender diversity picture in Asia look like?

It’s generally accepted that Asia is behind the curve when it comes to embracing the idea of gender diversity on corporate boards relative to Europe and North America. Nonetheless, it’s difficult not to feel discouraged when it emerged that the percentage of women appointed to the boards of firms listed on Hong Kong’s Hang Seng Index rose by 0.1% to 13.7% over the course of 2020.¹ What this data point suggests is that without substantive change, it could take several hundred years for Hong Kong—one of the region’s top financial centers—to reach the widely used 30.0% target² for female representation on corporate boards.

Unfortunately, in many countries in Asia there remain a variety of challenges that can deter women’s advancement in the workplace. Thankfully, we live in a society that has progressed to a point where few, if any, would openly challenge the importance of promoting gender diversity on corporate boards: Indeed, gender equality is listed as one of the United Nation’s 17 Sustainable Development Goals.

The corporate world has pursued the goal of gender diversity in slightly different ways. In North America, the goal was largely expressed through diversity, equity, and inclusion initiatives in which gender diversity and representation are key elements. In Europe, the initiative is embedded in the social and governance components of the broader environmental, social, and governance (ESG) movement. Unsurprisingly, the issue has also become an increasingly important topic for corporate leaders in Asia, particularly when viewed through the broader lens of sustainability.

While the percentage share of women being appointed to the boards of listed firms globally has risen significantly over the past decade, we’re still a very long way from achieving broad representation, particularly in Asia. What’s striking is that board gender diversity varies widely within the continent, with Malaysia and India achieving more success on this front than other markets such as Japan and South Korea. The conclusion, however, remains unchanged: The continent has a lot of catching up to do and the region’s corporate leaders, investors, and regulators need to work out what can be done to address the issue.

What does the board gender diversity picture in Asia look like?
Image of a map indicating the percentage share of female board members in different countries such as the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Mainland China, Malaysia, and Indonesia. The map shows that Asian countries have lower female representation on boards, with Malaysia being the exception.

Source: OECD, 30% Club Malaysia, as of February 9, 2023. 

Board gender diversity: the business case vs. the financial case

It isn’t difficult to understand the business case for board gender diversity: In its most organic form, it symbolizes a company’s commitment to equality and inclusion. A diverse board is also widely seen as a sign of strong corporate governance, an important quality that can prevent groupthink and stop a firm from being unduly influenced by the tone from the top. It’s also widely accepted that companies can benefit from the varied perspectives, skill sets, experiences, and ideas that a diverse board can bring.

The business case for board gender diversity doesn’t end there—it’s also often associated with more effective decision-making, better use of the potential talent pool, and improved risk management.  There have also been studies linking a more balanced board gender makeup to better environmental practices. The financial argument for board gender diversity, however, is less conclusive than hoped.

The correlation between profitability and female representation on corporate boards has been the focus of much research over the past decade. Consulting firm McKinsey’s work in this area has raised public awareness on the subject and the firm’s findings have often been cited as evidence that board gender diversity can indeed lead to improved profitability; however, other research isn’t always able to establish a clear, positive correlation between the two. 

"There have also been studies linking a more balanced board gender makeup to better environmental practices."

In our view, this could be a reflection of oversimplification and needs to be evaluated further. While diversity is intuitively good for business, boards, and management teams, correlations may not provide the full picture. Historical studies may be affected by data availability and further restricted by the absence of a meaningful, representative sample size, not to mention other qualitative factors that could affect outcomes (for instance, how appointments were made and what roles female board members were given). Benefits may also take time to accrue, but they can be difficult to separate from confounding factors. What’s encouraging is that more recent findings from relevant research conducted in Asia have been highly persuasive.

A 2020 study of more than 6,000 listed nonfinancial companies in Mainland China focusing on financial performance between 2010 and 2019 concluded that female directors do make a positive difference to a firm’s profitability. In India, a 2019 study of the country’s 139 biggest listed nonfinancial companies over a five-year period found a positive relationship between the proportion of independent female directors on the board and a firm’s financial performance after considering factors such as board size and leverage levels. Studies conducted in Malaysia and Singapore have also offered similar conclusions.

It’s fair to say that board gender diversity is an area where a definitive conclusion is likely to be elusive, and debates on the subject will no doubt continue; however, with evidence tipping to the favorable end of the scale, inaction should arguably be considered a financial risk and therefore unacceptable. 

Investors are demanding action

As ESG awareness grows, investor understanding—and attitudes—toward board gender diversity and the broader issue of gender equality have become more sophisticated. Financial firms such as Morningstar and Bloomberg, for instance, have opted to develop gender-equality-themed indexes to respond to growing investor demand for quantifiable ways to measure how businesses, investment products, and even sovereign states are faring on this front.

Investment consultants—including Mercer and Willis Towers Watson—are paying greater attention to gender diversity. It’s become a key consideration for investors who are seeking to align their portfolios with their values. In the past few years, there’s been a noted increase in instances where investment managers are required to submit diversity data as part of the early-stage due diligence process. This isn’t a trend that’s likely to go away any time soon, and Asia isn’t isolated from this development either.

Furthermore, at the macro level, we believe the growing focus on board gender diversity has important implications for the development of Asia’s fixed-income markets, particularly in view of the role that the capital markets are expected to play in the continent’s drive to transition to a sustainable future. If the issue is increasingly important to global investors, then logic implies that it must also be important to bond issuers in the region.

As long-term investors ourselves, it must be said that board gender diversity matters to us as well—it’s a factor that the Asian fixed-income team considers when assessing investment opportunities, with assistance from our ESG experts on the ground. While the lack of board gender diversity on the board of a debt issuer doesn’t necessarily mean that we would exclude the firm’s bonds from our investment analysis process, how the firm responds to questions related to the subject and its openness to engage in a constructive dialogue could influence investment decisions.

Improving board gender diversity in Asia: next steps

Investor engagement

Two main ways in which institutional investors can act to advance the issue: by exercising their rights to vote as a shareholder and through active, collaborative engagement with firms and market participants, including regulators. It’s common for investors with voting shares in a company to integrate board gender diversity into their voting policy and decisions.

For instance, at Manulife Investment Management, we’ve incorporated the principle of board gender representation into our proxy voting policy, emphasizing our belief that boards with strong gender representation are better equipped to manage risks and oversee business resilience:

  • We generally expect investee firms to have at least one female director on the board.
  • We encourage our investee firms to aspire to a higher balance of gender representation.
  • We may hold boards in certain markets to a higher standard as market requirements and expectations change.

Engaging in meaningful dialogues with investee companies can also be a critical way for institutional investors to effect change. Our ESG experts share industry best practices and make recommendations on hiring policies with our investee firms in a respectful manner in the hope of laying the foundations for change by explaining why they’re important to us as investors. Sometimes, it can also be helpful to contextualize how market expectations of good corporate governance pertaining to board gender diversity have evolved.

Outside of corporate engagement programs, institutional investors can also engage with exchanges and contribute to regulatory developments either directly or through relevant industry bodies to lobby for changes in regulations. We’ve been fairly active on this front in recent years because we believe it’s an area where long-term investors can make a difference.

As founding members of the Board Diversity Hong Kong Initiative, we contributed to Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing Market’s consultation paper (along with many others), pushing to ban single-gender boards over a three-year period. The proposed change came into effect in December 2021.

We also collaborated with the Asian Corporate Governance Association (ACGA) to publish an open letter to the Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE), proposing a series of targets to encourage firms listed on the TSE Prime Market to achieve higher levels of gender board diversity in a timely manner.

In fairness, it isn’t always easy or possible to evaluate the effectiveness of an engagement program or initiative because influencing organizational culture takes time, especially when we’re trying to encourage a shift in mindset that’s tied to historical social values. In addition, each issuer’s sustainability journey—and indeed, challenges—are different.

As such, a market-by-market, case-by-case approach might be needed. That said, we’ve been able to be a part of positive change, supporting channels for open dialogue on these issues in at least two instances recently—in Mainland China and Malaysia

Exploring the idea of quotas for listed firms

The European Union’s (EU’s) experience in this area is perhaps instructive: Of the 12 EU member states that have achieved 30% female representation on listed corporate boards,³ 8 had already introduced gender quota laws and all 12 have incorporated gender diversity recommendations into their respective corporate governance code.

Last November, the EU moved to harmonize standards within the bloc and adopted the Women on Boards Directive, which stipulates that at least a third of a company’s board (or 40% of nonexecutive directors) are women. Firms listed within the bloc have until June 2026 to comply with the new directive. 

Board gender diversity among EU member states: learning from experience
Chart of European economies with the highest level of female representation at the board level.  According to the chart, of the 12 economies, 8 of them have introduced mandatory gender quota laws relating to board gender representation.

Source: European Commission, European Institute for Gender Equality, as of December 13, 2022. 

The main takeaway from Europe’s experience in promoting board gender diversity is that quotas can work; however, this approach isn’t without controversy. It’s a very blunt tool that can open the door to charges of tokenism, meaningless virtue-signaling, and—depending on the appointment vetting process—partiality. It’s also an approach that doesn’t always sit well with those of us who value the idea of meritocracy. That said, it’s undeniably effective, and as such, it could be more helpful to view quotas as a starting point. It’s an important first step to get qualified, deserving female executives a seat at the table.

For female board members to be able to contribute meaningfully to a company’s growth, it’s crucial that the right candidate is appointed. Regulatory safeguards can play a part here. Malaysia’s central bank, for instance, has published very detailed guidelines in regard to tenure, qualifications, and how it views independence.⁴ Enforcement is equally important; it’s perhaps no accident that Malaysia has the highest percentage of women board members in Asia.

India’s efforts in promoting board gender diversity over the past 10 years could also hold useful lessons for its neighbors in the region. All publicly listed firms in the country must have at least one female director on their board since 2013. A study of the 500 biggest companies listed on the National Stock Exchange of India revealed a very high level of compliance among member firms. Interestingly, four years after the rules were introduced, 13.6% of previously noncompliant firms had actually gone a step further and appointed two or more women to their board. In addition, the study showed that a majority of these new appointees are highly educated and highly experienced independent directors. In our view, the exchange’s efforts could be further enhanced if combined with guidelines on qualifications and independence. That said, it doesn’t change our main takeaway: Quotas could be a good starting point.

In our view, an easy way to move the dial further is to introduce stricter disclosure rules and require all listed companies to publish relevant metrics such as gender diversity ratios and communicate plans to address any observed imbalance. Such a development is likely to be viewed positively by investors and shouldn’t be seen to be overly burdensome. Many companies have already started to incorporate this data into their annual reports. Initiatives like these can enhance corporate transparency and establish a new data pool that will make it easier to set measurable goals and assess progress in an objective manner.

In search of meaningful progress: looking beyond quotas and targets

Introducing mandatory quotas may be an effective way to supercharge the board gender diversity initiative and boost the percentage share of female board members quickly; however, that’s just the beginning.

It’s equally important to examine the qualitative aspect of these appointments: Are they named to committees that can shape company culture and policy (e.g., compensation committees, nomination committees), or have they been appointed to nonexecutive committees whose activities have limited effect on the firm? According to the ACGA, companies with a female nomination committee chair are more likely to have more women on their boards. In Hong Kong, where the study was conducted, the ratio was 25:16. It’s an interesting finding that certainly makes interesting food for thought. 

Overlooked vs. overboarded: growing the talent pool

Given that the success of any business is predicated to a large extent on its ability to identify opportunities borne out of an imbalance between demand and supply, it’s perhaps ironic that the business community hasn’t applied the same lens to the availability of senior female executives. The shortage of qualified candidates has often been cited as a reason behind the lack of gender diversity on corporate boards, a persistent challenge that lies at the heart of overboarding. It doesn’t help that boards have a tendency to appoint individuals who are already directors of other boards.

In our view, this concern may be somewhat overblown; however, the solution is relatively straightforward: Companies should invest in establishing the relevant infrastructure and introduce initiatives to identify high-performing female executives who may not have received the recognition or the opportunities they deserved in order to advance their careers. Others, meanwhile, may not have received the coaching that they needed to move forward.

In other words, the only way to avoid overboarding is to grow the talent pool and support deserving executives who may have been overlooked. Where businesses are concerned, this means providing consistent—and often crucial—support to female executives throughout their careers so their growth trajectory isn’t affected by important life events such as maternity leave and childbirth. Mentorship schemes that offer networking opportunities and women’s leadership training programs are also avenues that companies should consider.

One other way through which companies can identify potential female future leaders is to refine their hiring process and work closely with search firms to ensure that they’re casting the net wide enough. Truthfully, many of the initiatives that we’ve referenced here aren’t new and, more often than not, they only require a slight shift in mindset or a minor adjustment in established processes. As we see it, the building blocks are there and this is the right time to start joining the dots to encourage further action. 

The 30% target isn’t the end goal

Since hitting a bit of a bump in 2020, a development that could be partly attributed to the pandemic, board gender diversity in Hong Kong has taken a much more positive turn. Since the Hong Kong Exchange revised rules pertaining to female representation at the board level for companies seeking to list on the exchange, the share of women appointed to the boards of firms listed on the Hang Seng Index has risen to 17.1%.¹ 

Percentage of women appointed to boards listed on the Hang Seng Index
Simple chart of percentage share of women appointed to boards of firms listed on the Hang Seng Index from January 2015 to data available as of July 2022. The chart shows that the rise in women being appointed to boards has risen steeply in the last 18 months or so.

Source: Community Business, as of February 14, 2023.

The mathematically minded will probably note that at the current rate, it’ll no longer take Hong Kong hundreds of years to hit the 30% representation target. It’s a development that’s worth celebrating; however, we mustn’t forget that a 30% female representation at the board level isn’t the end goal. It’s the floor, not the ceiling of a larger goal, and the starting point of the much longer journey to achieving parity. Even then, we need to broaden the discussion to include raising the share of women at the top (for instance, those named as chief executive officers, chief finance officers, and board chairs), addressing gender pay gaps, and pushing for equal representation at every level of an organization.

From an intellectual perspective, we should challenge any discussion that frames women as being better suited to certain roles. In our view, the concept of the glass ceiling has been a useful one: It has crystalized the challenges that a talented female executive faces in a highly intuitive and relatable manner. That said, it’s perhaps time to progress the imagery. Instead of pondering means to smash through the glass ceiling, we should be talking about dismantling it altogether—for good. 

1 Percentage of Women on Hang Seng Index (HSI) Boards 20092022: H2,” Community Business, as of February 14, 2023. 2 30percentclub.org, as of February 14, 2023. 3 European Institute For Gender Equality, as of December 2022. 4 “Independent Directors in Asia Pacific,” CFA Institute, June 2021.

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Manulife Investment Management is the global wealth and asset management segment of Manulife Financial Corporation. We draw on more than a century of financial stewardship to partner with clients across our institutional, retail, and retirement businesses globally. Our specialist approach to money management includes the highly differentiated strategies of our fixed-income, specialized equity, multi-asset solutions, and private markets teams—along with access to specialized, unaffiliated asset managers from around the world through our multimanager model.

This material has not been reviewed by, is not registered with any securities or other regulatory authority, and may, where appropriate, be distributed by the following Manulife entities in their respective jurisdictions. Additional information about Manulife Investment Management may be found at manulifeim.com/institutional

Australia: Manulife Investment Management Timberland and Agriculture (Australasia) Pty Ltd, Manulife Investment Management (Hong Kong) Limited. Brazil: Hancock Asset Management Brasil Ltda. Canada: Manulife Investment Management Limited, Manulife Investment Management Distributors Inc., Manulife Investment Management (North America) Limited, Manulife Investment Management Private Markets (Canada) Corp. Mainland China: Manulife Overseas Investment Fund Management (Shanghai) Limited Company. European Economic Area Manulife Investment Management (Ireland) Ltd. which is authorised and regulated by the Central Bank of Ireland Hong Kong: Manulife Investment Management (Hong Kong) Limited. Indonesia: PT Manulife Aset Manajemen Indonesia. Japan: Manulife Investment Management (Japan) Limited. Malaysia: Manulife Investment Management (M) Berhad 200801033087 (834424-U) Philippines: Manulife Investment Management and Trust Corporation. Singapore: Manulife Investment Management (Singapore) Pte. Ltd. (Company Registration No. 200709952G) South Korea: Manulife Investment Management (Hong Kong) Limited. Switzerland: Manulife IM (Switzerland) LLC. Taiwan: Manulife Investment Management (Taiwan) Co. Ltd. United Kingdom: Manulife Investment Management (Europe) Ltd. which is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority United States: John Hancock Investment Management LLC, Manulife Investment Management (US) LLC, Manulife Investment Management Private Markets (US) LLC and Manulife Investment Management Timberland and Agriculture Inc. Vietnam: Manulife Investment Fund Management (Vietnam) Company Limited.

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Paula Chan, CMT

Paula Chan, CMT, 

Senior Portfolio Manager, Asia ex-Japan Fixed Income

Manulife Investment Management

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Fiona Cheung

Fiona Cheung, 

Head of Global Emerging Markets Fixed Income Research

Manulife Investment Management

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Judy Kwok

Judy Kwok, 

Head of Greater China Fixed-Income Research

Manulife Investment Management

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